Data di pubblicazione 23 Ago 2016
Editori Francesco Calderoni
Anna Brener
Mariya Karayotova
Martina Rotondi
Mateja Zorč
ISBN 978-88-8443-660-3

The Eastern Balkan Hub for Illicit Tobacco

Data di pubblicazione 23 Ago 2016
Editori Francesco Calderoni Anna Brener Mariya Karayotova Martina Rotondi Mateja Zorč
ISBN 978-88-8443-660-3

Key hubs are crucial sets of countries on the regional, continental or global map of the illicit trade in tobacco products. Analysis of key hubs instead of single countries enables a more comprehensive understanding of the factors determining the transnational illicit flows and a more effective identification of the strategies to fight and prevent the ITTP (Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products). The following elements often characterise key hubs:

 

  • medium to high levels of the ITTP in the hub,
  • significant price differentials of tobacco products across the hub,
  • extensive engagement of local manufacturers in the ITTP,
  • substantial flows of illicit tobacco to, within or from the hub to other countries.

This report focuses on the Eastern Balkan hub for illicit cigarettes. Bulgaria is the most relevant country in the hub because it has significant inflows and outflows of illicit tobacco products. The sorrounding countries (Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and Turkey) are included because they enables and facilitate these flows. The report takes the name from the geographical area of the countries included.

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