Options for Enhancing Operational Instruments in the Area of Firearms Trafficking
Project ECOFIT is a research project co-funded by the European Union’s Internal Security Fund – Police.
It aims to enhance operational cooperation between Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) in the fight against firearms trafficking across the 27 EU Member States (MSs) and seven non-EU SELEC MSs (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Moldova, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey).
The study analyses five operational instruments that have been selected as indicators of international cooperation, namely: mechanisms for data collection, mechanisms for data sharing, National Firearms Focal Points (NFPs), joint criminal investigations and controlled delivery procedures. Based on the findings of the Project, it provides recommendations for the EU and guidelines for LEAs concerning how to better put into action these instruments and how to more effectively reduce, prevent and tackle illicit trafficking of firearms offences.
The policy options suggested within the report would enhance the level of operational cooperation in firearms trafficking investigations by:
- Improving the intelligence picture (collection and exchange of systematic and harmonised information between LEAs, knowledge on modi operandi, tactics, new trends, etc.);
- Intensifying the pressure on criminal markets (fully operational NFPs, joint actions, etc.).