Largo Gemelli 1, 20123 Milano
Ph. +39 02 7234 3715/3716
Fax +39 02 7234 3721
Marco De Simoni
This report is part of the project the Factbook on the Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (henceforth ITTP).
The project has been developed by Transcrime after the Round Table on Proofing EU Regulation against the Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products hosted by Università Cattolica of Milan, on 5 May 2011. During the Round Table, participants (researchers and policymakers with experience in the field of the illicit trade in tobacco products) agreed on a research agenda concerning the ITTP (Transcrime 2011b). Items 3 and 6 of the research agenda focused on the need for better analysis of the tobacco market taking account of its dual nature (i.e. legal and illicit) and on how licit and illicit markets vary across different countries and regions. Given these considerations, Transcrime has developed the Factbook on the ITTP, a multi-annual research plan providing detailed analyses of the ITTP and of its relations with the legal market and other socio-economic and political factors in a number of countries around the world.
The aim of the Factbook is to provide an innovative instrument able to shed light on the complex mechanisms behind the ITTP in different countries. This report focuses on Germany.
Tobacco consumption is undoubtedly a danger for human health, and governments should carefully regulate the tobacco market. Illicit tobacco avoids state regulation and taxation and may jeopardise tobacco control policies. The Factbook will contribute to raising awareness about the global importance of the ITTP and about the strategies available to prevent it. The Factbook has been developed for a wide readership ranging from policymakers, through academics, to interested stakeholders, the intention being to provide a support to develop knowledge–based debates and policies on the ITTP.
The information gathered for this report originates from academic literature, grey literature, open sources, questionnaires and interviews with experts and stakeholders. There are few studies on the ITTP in Germany. Furthermore, information of law enforcement action comes mainly from the German Customs, while other law enforcement agencies, although involved in the fight against the ITTP, provide more limited data. In addition to the these issues, the data–gathering phase of the project encountered major difficulties due to the number of sources, institutions and stakeholders involved.
The results of the report do not claim to be exhaustive, nor an accurate reflection of criminal practices. They provide an initial assessment of the ITTP in Germany and a starting point for future research.
As a concerned stakeholder in the fight against the illicit trade in tobacco products, Philip Morris International (PMI) welcomed Transcrime’s initiative to develop the Factbook on the ITTP with financial support and the provision of data. However, Transcrime retained full control and stands guarantor for the independence of the research and its results. Information and data for the study have been collected by Transcrime and have not been shared with PMI.
CONSIGLIO SUPERIORE DELLA MAGISTRATURA – Professor Savona presents a report on ‘New markets, economies and financial transaction instruments’.
CONVEGNO ‘RI-CONOSCERE IL RADICALISMO IN ITALIA’ – Professor Savona presents a report on ‘A European approach to the risk of radicalization in prison’.
19th ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE EUROPEAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY – Professor Savona and Professor Calderoni present the final results of the European project Proton.
PROTON FINAL CONFERENCE – Professor Savona and Professor Calderoni present the final results of the European project Proton in Ghent.
THIRTY-SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON ECONOMIC CRIME – Professor Savona speaks on “Transparency an effective tool in fighting crime?” at Jesus College.
SUMMER LAW SCHOOL ON TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME (ELSA) – Prof. Savona presents a report on UN Convention on Transnational Organized Crime at Università di Napoli Federico II.
UNODC MACRO/Expert group – Prof. Savona gives a report on “From Mexico to Balkans: framing data collection on organized crime”.
EUROPEAN COMMISSION – Prof. Savona participates in the meeting of national anti-corruption experts.
12th EU EXPERIENCE SHARING PROGRAMME WORKSHOP – Professor Savona presents a paper on “Assessing the risks of infiltration of Organised Crime in the legitimate economy: tools and remedies in the procurement sector”.
ILLICIT NETWORKS WORKSHOP – Professor Francesco Calderoni presents the Agent Based Model of the Proton project on the recruitment of organized crime.
Just few days to register to the #ProtonEU Final #Conference! We will discuss about #recruitment to #organisedcrime and #terrorism. Info and link to register to the #event here https://t.co/EbmtL5jtT0 #h2020 @Unicatt
Just few days to register to the #ProtonEU Final Conference! We will discuss about #recruitment to #organisedcrime and #terrorism and present the main results of the #project. Info and link to register to the #event here https://t.co/EbmtL5jtT0 #h2020 @Unicatt
At the #ProtonEU’s Final #Conference we will present PROTON-S and PROTON Wizard, two software tools testing the effectiveness of policies aimed at reducing #recruitment to #organisedcrime and #terrorism. For further information about this event https://t.co/EbmtL5jtT0 @EU_H2020 https://t.co/WFWGmHntmG
At the #ProtonEU’s Final #Conference we will present PROTON-S and PROTON Wizard, two software tools testing the effectiveness of policies aimed at reducing #recruitment to #organisedcrime and #terrorism. For further information about this event https://t.co/EbmtL5jtT0 @Unicatt https://t.co/HqTGgXANzk